Beans like warm soil, so wait until all danger of frost has passed and transplant your bush beans 4-6” apart in rows 6-12” and pole beans 6-9” apart in rows 3-4’ apart in moderate, well-drained soil. Adding plenty of organic compost to the soil before planting will help keep the soil loose and make weeding easier. Bush beans grow best when planted fairly close together. By doing this you will be able to take advantage of the shade canopy that develops. This will help cool the soil and stop weeds from growing. Bush beans need regular watering especially during flowering and pod production, but allow soil to dry out somewhat before watering again.
Beans are susceptible to soil-borne diseases, so it is a good practice to rotate where you plant your beans every other year. If temperatures are over 90 degrees F. for more than a few days in a row, consider covering your beans with a shade cloth structure to help cool the plants. This will help the plants continue to produce pollen.
Bean varieties phaseolus vulgaris
Open pollinated. Early yield with rich bean
flavor. Excellent for canning and freezing.
5-5.5” green pods. Harvest 50 days.
Blue Lake (pole)
Yields 6” stringless, green pods right up to frost.
Sweet and crisp even at full maturity. Great for
fresh use, freezing or canning. Harvest 60 days.
Green bean culture –
Beans can be divided into two categories: bush and pole.
Bush beans are also called snap beans because when they are ripe make a snapping sound when broken in half. A compact, upright sturdy plant they will grow well even in poor soil. Basically there are two types of bush beans – green podded and yellow podded (sometimes known as wax beans). Bush beans produce most of their crop all at once and are the most popular with home gardeners. Although bush beans take up more garden space, they generally require less work in terms of planting, staking and watering. If you want to have a continual harvest of bush beans, you can plant several successive plantings several weeks apart.
Pole beans are usually grown on a trellis or poles, as their vines climb and continue to produce pods over a long period of time. Pole beans require some training to the support and it’s important to get them up off the ground early to prevent rot and loss of blooms. Plan on providing a support structure at least 6’ high as the vines can grow 5 to 10 feet long. Pole beans will produce beans up until the first frost.
Regular harvesting of beans is important and the number one way to guarantee a longer bean harvest. Plan on picking your beans at least every other day. Beans pods are ready right before their pods swell and fill up with seeds. Young pods are the most tender and have the most flavor. Older pods don’t snap well and may become rubbery or wooden.