monarda didyma

Care and Planting Instructions

Easy to grow perennial, plant in the spring after all danger of frost has passed in a location that will receive full sun to partial shade. Space plants 6-12″ apart in average soil that is well-drained. Plant height 36-48″. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds.

Monarda is very susceptible to powdery mildew, which is exacerbated by humidity and any kind of plant stress (even drought). To reduce the tendency to mildew – keep the soil moist, minimizing overhead watering, space plants far enough apart to allow for good air circulation between plants; remove diseased foliage to prevent the fungus from over wintering and divide the plant every three years or so, discarding the old center growth and replanting new side shoots.

Monarda, Bee Balm red shades
monarda didyma

Bee Balm is popular in perennial flower gardens for its profuse, bee-enticing blooms in June and July. Beautiful mix of colors from scarlet, salmon, red and pink. Flowers are edible and the mint-scented leaves are used in tea to give the popular ‘Earl Grey’ or Bergamot flavor. The aerial parts of the flowers contain antibiotic-antiseptic compounds. Leaves and blooms are used in infusions to improve digestion and added to potpourri.