Rosemary likes well-drained, dry to average soil. It prefers a sheltered position such as on the south or southwest side of a wall or foundation. It tolerates part shade, but the flavor of the plant may be weakened if it doesn’t get enough sun. Plant in the spring after all danger of frost has passed. Space plants 36″ apart.
Prune the plants after flowering to encourage branching or shape your plant into a topiary. Grows well in containers or mixed pots. In the summer, fertilize potted plants after the flowers have appeared. Plant height 3-5′.
Rosemary is particularly susceptible to root rot, avoid over watering. Once established, needs only occasional watering. Drought tolerant. Attracts bees and butterflies to the garden.
Rosemary, Hill Hardy rosmarinus officinalis ‘Hill Hardy’
This cold tolerant rosemary has an irregular, upright and robust growth habit making it great for topiaries. Hill Hardy’s evergreen foliage is intensely aromatic and especially cold hardy for climates that dip below zero degrees in winter. The aromatic needle-like foliage has a sharp pine fragrance when cut or dried. Very fragrant, Hill Hardy is great for potpourris, wreaths or pots grown indoors. For a tidy, neat appearance, prune annually to shape.
Rosemary may be used fresh or dry. Try adding to breads, stews or to season meats. For fresh use, pick early in the morning for the highest oil content. Leaves, tips and flowers can all be used. Chop finely or tie stems together and remove before serving to infuse flavor.
For longer term storage, cut whole stems and tie bunches together in small batches. Hang in a dry location out of the sun that will receive plenty of air. Rosemary leaves may also be dried on screens in a dry, shady location. Simply strip the leaves from the stems and scatter on drying screens. Stir occasionally to help even drying. Do not use heat to dry rosemary as the oils can be volatile. Store in air-tight containers in a dry, dark location.
Rosemary may also be frozen using the ice cube method in water or olive oil.